Partnership with Development Partners in East Asia
Japan/Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
Thailand and Japan have a long history of development and technical cooperation since 1950. The significant collaboration was marked by the establishment of the Ministry of Education’s telecommunication training center and the establishment of a virus research institute of the Department of Medical Sciences at the Ministry of Public Health. Since then, the cooperation has been implemented through Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) in various forms such as development projects, training and scholarship programme.
After placing Thailand as an “Upper-Middle-Income Country”, Japan has since focused on “the New Growth Strategy” to increase Thailand’s competitiveness gearing towards sustainable growth and advances related to human security and regional cooperation.
In 1994, the two countries signed the Japan-Thailand Partnership Program (JTPP) to jointly support the transfer of knowledge and experience in key areas of development to Thailand’s neighboring countries and other developing countries. Joint programs include training courses in Thailand for third countries through Third Country Training Program (TCTP) and dispatching Thai experts to work in third countries through Third Country Expert Programme (TCEP).
Republic of Korea/Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA)
In June 2014, TICA and KOICA signed a Memorandum of Understanding between KOICA and TICA to Strengthen Partnership for International Development Cooperation in June 2014. The MOU aims to enhance partnership for development through harnessing both countries’ expertise and development experience within bilateral and trilateral frameworks. Collaborative programs range from training courses, dispatch of experts/volunteers, training grants to development projects and research.
After concluding the MOU, both sides jointly formulated two Action Plans of 2014-2016 and 2020-2022, which laid down guidelines and details of activities to be implemented in target countries, particularly ASEAN member states. Some of the activity highlights include training programs in public health, rural development, sustainable community development, integrated healthcare management based on primary healthcare and health system strengthening approach, as well as COVID-19 Webinar for Healthcare Professionals in ASEAN Countries.
One of the notable initiatives with KOICA is the Volunteer Program through which Thailand has welcomed Korean volunteers to work in various Thai educational institutions.
Partnership with countries in Latin America Chile
Thailand and Chile have maintained strong trilateral cooperation in various programs including development projects and training courses. Highlights include the Chile-Thailand Workshop for ASEAN Member States on Strategic and Financial Intelligence. Best Practices for Enhancing FIU’s role (Financial Intelligence Unit) in Preventing and Detecting of ML/FT (money laundering/financing of terrorism) in 2019, Public Administration Training Course for Indonesia, and Chile-Thailand International Workshop on Trade Policy for ASEAN Members in 2021.
One of the successful agricultural programs between the two countries is the Quinoa Development Project which was initiated in 2013. Implemented under the framework of education and culture. The program aims to introduce the cultivation of quinoa crop in Thailand.
In February 2022, Mrs. Ureerat Chareontoh, Director-General of TICA, along with His Excellency Mr. Alex Geiger Soffia, Ambassador of Chile to Thailand, visited Pangda Royal Agricultural Station in Chiang Mai Province. Building on the successful research and promotion of quinoa cultivation in Thailand, both sides plan to organize. Workshop on Chilean Quinoa in Thailand to share knowledge and experience with ASEAN Member States. This flagship collaboration comes under the 3-year Thailand-Chile Development Cooperation Program and will also mark the 60th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries in 2022.
Partnership with Countries in North America
(United States Agency for International Development-USAID)
As longtime friends and strong development partners. Thailand and the United States have worked closely to improve
the livelihood of the peoples in Thailand and other countries. Particularly in Southeast Asia for many decades.
The significance of the partnership was confirmed by USAID initially opening its office in Bangkok in 1950
and the signing of the Economic and Technical Agreement on 2 June 1977. The already close collaboration was further strengthened by the signing of Memorandum of Understanding on Trilateral Cooperation on 28 November 2012.
As longtime friends and strong development cooperation between Thailand and the United States, through USAID and other American agencies, is comprehensive in nature, encompassing multi-faceted programs including development volunteers, education, law enforcement, and development projects in important sectors such as public health, education, environment, and energy
On 10 August 2021,USAID,represented by USAID Regional Development Mission for Asia Mission Director Dr. Steven G. Olive, and TICA, represented by TICA Director-General Ureerat Chareontoh, highlighted the enhanced and expanded development cooperation between the U.S. Government and the Royal Thai Government in Asia during a signing ceremony for a planned $5million Strategic Partnership.
The strategic partnership reflects the complimenting knowhow between Thailand’s proven development approach
and the United States’ development strategies, as evident
in successful implementations of past projects here in Thailand and other countries. The Workplan under the strategic partnership framework covers health, economic, social, environment, and human resource development sectors.
Partnership with Countries in Europe
Germany/Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit(GIZ)
Thailand and Germany have enjoyed over 50 years of development partnership since the inception of Agreement on the Technical Cooperation between Thailand and Germany in 1970. The scope of development cooperation, particularly through TICA and GIZ, has been broadened to cover variety areas of our complementary expertise, including climate change, agriculture-related technology, environment and urban sectors.
In 2008, the two countries signed Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom
of Thailand and the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development of the Federal Republic of Germany regarding Joint Development Cooperation with Third Countries through a Partnership Programme. The trilateral cooperation puts an emphasis on human resource development through key initiatives. Examples include Third Country Training Programme on Strengthening of Measurement Standards Institutions of CLMV Countries towards ASEAN Integration, Strengthening Cooperative and SMEs in Central Vietnam.
There are also some notable development projects in many countries such as Thailand-Germany Mongolia trilateral project
on the application of the Sufficiency Economy Philosophy (SEP) in Promoting Sustainable Tourism and Sustainable Development in Mongolia. The project aims to promote sustainable tourism by applying SEP and adding value to local products.
Luxembourg/Luxembourg Agency for Development (LuxDev)
The partnership between Thailand and Luxembourg has been one of the strong showcases of trilateral cooperation initiated
by emerging development providers. In October 2020, the two countries signed a Letter of Understanding (LOU) between TICA
and Luxembourg Agency for Development (LuxDev) on Human Resource Development Cooperation in Lao PDR.
The areas of cooperation are drawn from Thailand’s and Luxembourg’s combined expertise and experience in human resource development, based on the needs and priorities of Lao PDR, and as determined by all partners. These include public health, Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET), and local/rural development.
Subsequently, TICA, together with relevant Thai agencies, LuxDev, and the University of Health Sciences of Lao PDR agreed
to co-organize public health training courses. Significant courses held in 2021 were online short-term course on Neurology
for Health Personnel and Nursing Assessment and Intervention in Pregnant with Hypertensive Disorder for Midwives.
Equally important are courses with an emphasis on training medical personnel (doctors, nurses and other public health officials) at 3 provincial hospitals in Lao PDR, namely Vientiane, Khammuan and Bolikhamxay.
Thailand and Sweden have an established mechanism for development cooperation. Both countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand and the Government of the Kingdom
of Sweden on Tripartite Development Co-operation in September 2005.
The trilateral cooperation aims to jointly promote
development in priority areas of countries
in the Mekong Sub-region. To prepare for social
and economic challenges in the region, sectors
in focus include environment/forestry, counter
trafficking in persons, HIV/AIDS, and capacity
building programs in trade negotiations, trade
rules/regulations through short-term training
courses, seminars, workshops. Training courses
also incorporate issues related to the International
Covenant on Human Rights and Good Governance.
The collaboration has grown to include such an important area as human resource development and education. In February 2015, Memorandum of Understanding between TICA; The Thailand Research Fund and Uppsala University: The International Science Program, Sweden, in Agreement with the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, Sweden, on Joint Fellowship Program for Doctoral Studies was signed, thus further strengthening the partnership between Thailand and Sweden. The framework provides 3 doctoral scholarships annually for low-income countries in South Asia and Southeast Asia in the field of basic sciences.
Cooperation with countries in Australian region
Following strong bilateral collaboration through Colombo Plan, Thailand and Australia signed an agreement on development cooperation in 1989. Priority sectors include agriculture, education, public health, environment, and human resource development. In 2002, both sides signed a Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand and the Government of Australia relating to Trilateral Development Cooperation.
Currently, the ASEAN – Australia Counter-Trafficking
(ASEAN-ACT) Program reflects a growing partnership
between Australia and Thailand. The project, running
from 2018-2028, is also carried out in other Southeast
Asian countries, namely Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR,
Myanmar, the Philippines, and Vietnam.
The program helps enhance capacity of Thailand
and other ASEAN countries in counter-trafficking
in persons, protecting and supporting victims.
In addition, Thailand and Australia are now
co-designing a new partnership framework